Use this technique to create your own cannabis strains and breed weed seeds to preserve genetics – or cross-breed some more! Choosing the right marijuana seeds can make or break your crop. Learn how to recognize quality seeds and from where to buy them! Cannabis Seed Identification Guide: distinguishing viable seeds from non-viable seeds before planting
How To Easily Breed Seeds And Create New Cannabis Strains
Maybe it’s not every growers ambition to start their own seed company – and nobody’s saying you should. Though it can be pretty cool to create your own cannabis strain. Just imagine you’d be the one creating the next Tangerine G13 or Amnesia Haze – or another legendary, award-winning weed variety.
Imagine you’d be the one creating the next Tangerine G13!
Creating own cannabis varieties is pretty easy too and could potentially be a green goldmine. Even if you don’t create the next Super Silver Haze on your first try, it is still worth trying. Cross-breeding your own weed strains is very educative and results in a huge collection of cannabis genetics. Meaning you might hold seeds to strains that are no longer being produced – to cultivate or cross-breed with.
Crossing Weed Strains
There is one thing you definitely need if you’re planning to breed your own weed strains: male cannabis plants. Unless your plan is to make feminized cannabis seeds, which is a different story we’ll dive into another time. To recognize and distinct male from female (and hermaphrodite) weed plants, have a look here.
Because although you can grow male cannabis plants in the same room as female cannabis plants. It’s important to separate the males before their flowers open, releasing their pollen into the room, to avoid uncontrolled fertilization.
Rest assured, there is no need for a separate grow room for the male plants to develop from there. As a flowering male can be held under a simple lightbulb or simply in the windowsill. Furthermore, you can even cut off a few branches and put them in a vase to collect the pollen a week later. Regular Cannabis seeds create male and/or female plants.
Selecting Parents For Your Strain
The trick to select the perfect male weed plant is to have good and above all trained senses. Because it’s up to you to see which male has the best growth and the most attractive (or present) aroma.
Hollow stems on male cannabis plants may indicate high THC-production in its offspring
Obviously, only select male cannabis plants with a nice structure and a healthy root system. If possible, cut off a few branches in search of hollow stems. As a hollow stem in weed plants is often an indicator for high THC-production in the plants.
Male plants that are quick to flower are often dominant in passing on their genes – so it’s best to leave those be. Late-bloomers however, carry recessive genes.
Crossing your female plant with late-blooming males will therefore retain the desired characteristics from your fem – instead of your cross turning into a copy of your male parent. If you’re serious about selecting the right male, make sure you have a separate room for them. As there you can leave them to flower longer, to discover more about their grow characteristics.
How To Collect Cannabis Pollen
Now you’ve selected the right male, it’s time to collect its pollen. A pretty easy job considering the plant is eager to release its pollen to fertilize female plants. Simply shake a branch with open male flowers above a sheet of (black) paper or a plastic container. And the pollen will fall down from the flower onto the desired surface.
Make sure there are no vents on and windows are closed though. As the male cannabis pollen is designed to travel with wind – and in this case we’re trying to contain it to not fertilize the wrong (or too many) female plants. Also avoid working with your female plants right after this job, as pollen easily sticks to your clothing and hair.
Fertilizing Female Weed Plants
Selecting the ideal female cannabis plant is easier than selecting males. As you can truly judge the fruits before you put in the labor. To guarantee a stable plant, try growing her out of seeds and cultivate it from clone too. Thereafter, you can choose the characteristics you like to see in your own creation(s). Be sure to take aroma, structure, flowering time, esthetics, taste and effect into account – as those are the most important elements to look for in a good cannabis plant. Logically, only select the best of the best females to create your own weed seeds with.
Simply use a paint brush to pollinate your female cannabis plant, with the collected male pollen. [Image: Gracie Malley / Cannabis Now]
Pollinating your female cannabis plants is as easy as collecting male pollen. Preferably wait until the plant(s) you want to fertilize are three to five weeks into their flowering period. Then take the selected female out of the grow room, again, to avoid uncontrolled pollination of the rest of the plants. Label one or more branches to fertilize, to know which plant was crossed with which and when. And use a clean (paint) brush to apply the pollen on one or more branches for seed production – leaving the rest of the flowers to produce seedless weed: sinsemilla.
Deactivating Cannabis Pollen
About three hours after fertilization, it is time to deactivate the leftover pollen on the plant. You can do that by simply spraying your plant with water. Be sure to change your clothes and have a shower after this, before you place the fertilized female back in the room.
After fertilization, you can let your cannabis plants fulfill their flowering period until they are ready to harvest. The seeds are fully grown after two to six weeks, but can stay in the bud and hung to dry after harvest. Your home grown cannabis seeds then require another month before they’re ready to be germinated – preferably with our favorite germination method.
Be sure to keep an eye on them once they start flowering, as you’ve now produced ‘regular cannabis seeds’. This means your plants can turn both male or female when they enter the flowering stage. Providing you with what you need to further stabilize your creation into the perfect weed strain.
What strain would you choose to cross your own variety with?
SEE ALL STRAINS
The germination of cannabis seeds is illegal in most countries. Amsterdam Genetics cannabis seeds are exclusively sold as collectable souvenirs to customers living in countries where the cultivation of cannabis is illegal. All information on this website is intended for educational purposes only and is not meant to incentivize people to engage in illegal activities.
Recognize quality marijuana seeds
Marijuana is best known for its effects on people when they smoke it. So, where does this high effect come from?
How do you ensure that the quality of your marijuana is as good as it could be? It all starts by choosing the right seeds. The right seeds are mature cannabis seeds.
Understand how to recognize quality marijuana seeds before you can grow the best marijuana. High-quality cannabis starts with good genetics.
Begin your grow with healthy, mature cannabis seeds from a reputable seed bank.
When you have a particularly good strain or good season of marijuana growth, you will most likely want to store seeds for that particular type of cannabis, its “parent plant,” so you can experience the same sort of success later on.
In this article, we will cover the basics of selecting the right seeds.
About quality marijuana seeds
How to grow the best weed
To grow the best weed, you need to know what determines the best seeds, why genetics make certain weed plants better than others, and how to choose the best seeds.
THC, a term that usually refers to Delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol, is the ingredient in marijuana that is the primary contributor to the high feeling smokers experience.
This is a bit misleading for two reasons.
First, some types of THC are not Delta-9, such as Delta-8. Second, THC is not the only chemical that is responsible for a high.
Other compounds contribute to the feeling – these chemicals are called cannabinoids.
Cannabinoids include every different variation of THC, and they make up the psychoactive ingredients that lead to the feeling of being high.
The tricky thing about marijuana is that no one can really define the right combination to achieve the best or greatest high.
Even scientists are unable to figure out what combination of cannabinoids makes the most potent combination.
This is partly because the feeling of “high” experienced from marijuana cannot be measured externally – it can only be described by the person experiencing it.
This makes any evidence about correlations between different combinations of chemicals and types or strength of highs very subjective.
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The experience is also different for each person, even if they take the same amount of the same plant as someone else.
Any mix of emotions (usually euphoria, elation, paranoia, sleepiness, or clarity of thought) can be felt by different people, even if they consume the same amount and type of weed.
The best weed comes from the best genes
While there is still a large amount of variation from seed to seed, even within the same strain, a lot depends on the environment in which it is grown and the care you have when raising your plants.
Growing your own weed is an extremely gratifying experience. It will take a bit of trial and error, and you will have to overcome some inevitable failures, but it will be even more rewarding when you finally succeed.
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The source always matters
You can source your seeds from:
- A bag of weed
- A seasoned grower
- A seedbank
The first step for most new growers is to extract seeds from large commercially purchased bags of cannabis.
This is likely the easiest way to get seeds but take caution— that cannabis has already been heavily processed and packaged.
Huge quantities of bud are dried and cured together en masse and then snipped and stuffed into big vacuum-sealed bags.
Unless you are already directly familiar with the mature plants your seeds or clones came from, growing marijuana is unavoidably unpredictable.
This is why it is especially important to seed or clone your best quality plant since that will make you able to guarantee the quality of the next crop.
Knowledge of the source is also why experienced growers have better outcomes with their harvest.
They often choose their best cannabis plants out of a single strain, and use those seeds for the following season’s harvest. Now, they have a better understanding of the plant their seeds came from and can also improve their care of the same type of plant.
Aren’t seeds a bad thing?
All cannabis cultivation comes down to your goals as a grower. Want a bountiful harvest? You’ll want to grow the best weed by breeding perfection using seeds. Skip ahead to learn why.
“Nope, I want to smoke,” then you need to grow plants that produce fewer seeds. You need feminized seeds.
“Sinsemilla” is a Spanish word that translates to “without seed.”
It describes female cannabis plants that grow into maturity without fertilization from male pollen. Growing sinsemilla marijuana outside is almost impossible since your female plants could be pollinated from the male plants up to a mile away!
So why do you want to avoid pollinating your female marijuana plants? Pollination means that the plants will use their precious energy to create seeds instead of flowers.
This is due to natural selection. Since a plant that produces more seeds is more likely to reproduce, a female marijuana plant will prioritize making seeds if fertilized.
Although this is an advantageous feature for marijuana’s survival, it is not exactly what smokers look for in a weed plant.
Sinsemilla marijuana, having never been pollinated, usually produces a more resinous bud since there are no seeds to take over the valuable flowering area.
Producing seeds isn’t all bad for the smoker, however. If one crop is particularly delicious or potent, it is vital to let those plants produce some seeds.
Store these seeds correctly and label them accurately to make informed decisions about which seeds produced the best crop and which ones are better to avoid.
You can then use seeds that produce tall plants or strong, sweet buds for a future growing season.
When you find a plant that you want to preserve seeds for, make sure to treat those seeds with extra special care, as they are your best bet for harvesting the best product.
Why you should grow weed from seeds
Some people are intimidated by growing marijuana from seeds. At first, the results may not be as big as you had planned for – this is normal, and you will continue to get better with time and experience.
To reach the highest possible yield of cannabis, you must study and practice, especially if you haven’t done anything so much as growing potted house plants or flowers on your window sill.
Just keep at it, and within a few growing seasons, you will be an expert.
Although research and preparation make a big difference, they can only go so far without actual hands-on experience.
As you learn and develop your skills, trying clones may be tempting rather than learning by trial and error with seeds. Careful, though.
Different strains and plants will grow, mature, and flower at different rates. Growing one Sativa might be completely different than growing a different strain of Sativa.
Plus, you never know what you may end up growing. When growing from clones from another grower, your clone might inherit any issues they had while growing it.
Buying marijuana seeds from a seed bank
Buying seeds from a seed bank gives you a better idea of what to expect in terms of the quality, yields, look, and time it will take to bloom.
Plus, you’re starting fresh with new seeds, which lowers the risk of diseases or pests in your plants. Learn more about why growing from seeds produces the best weed.
When you grow from seeds you have certainty. Whenever you see your stash of weed in the freezer, you will feel proud.
Whenever you smoke your marijuana, you can feel safe and satisfied because you know exactly what you are putting into your body and where it came from.
Where to find the best quality seeds
Quality marijuana seeds mean quality genes. Better genes better your chances of growing a healthy harvest.
Online seed banks offer a wide selection of quality marijuana seeds, and reputable seed banks make it easier to purchase good seeds.
Your seeds should come from seedbanks because the ones that sneak into dried marijuana flowers are rarely usable – mostly because they never reach full maturity before being harvested.
Seed identification guide before planting
Cannabis Seed Identification Guide: distinguishing viable seeds from non-viable seeds before planting
Strong, high quality cannabis seeds will ensure a high quality cannabis plant. So, if and how is it possible to identify whether cannabis seeds are good or not? And how long do these seeds retain their vitality? Answers on seed identification:
Identification of a seed
Most of the cannabis seeds offered for sale in seed shops are of high quality. In most cases, they exhibit high germination rates of at least 95% and sometimes even higher . On the other hand, seeds from an unknown source may well be defective and eventually lead to the growth of a weak and disease-prone plant with slow growth rate and low harvest potential.
You can tell a lot about the health of a seed by looking at it. Here are a few different things you should look for when deciding whether a cannabis seed is good or not.
Good cannabis seeds will be brown, black and / or gray. White or green seeds are immature and unlikely to germinate. Your seed should also have scratches or spots all around.
A healthy seed will have a thin waxy coating around it. This coating seems to have a slight shine.
You should be able to lightly squeeze a seed without crushing. If a seed crushes easily between your fingers, the seed is probably dead or weak and will not grow well.
Inspect the entire seed to make sure there are no small cracks or holes. This will likely cause the seeds to not sprout.
Means of testing cannabis seeds
You have a basic guide to distinguish good from bad seeds. Now if the doubt persists, here are several ways to test the seeds.
Test method No.1: seeds floating in water
It’s a great test that works for many different seeds – and not just cannabis. Take your seeds and drop them in a cup full of hot water (not too hot) then wait a few hours. If they sink, they are probably good for a crop. If they don’t leak, they’re probably dead and won’t grow.
Note: Do this only if you are ready to germinate your plants. Otherwise, it could hurt your seed.
2 test method: just before and try to sprout the seed
I know it sounds obvious, but it really is the best information .
If you really want to know if a cannabis seed is capable of germinating, put it in the ground .
How to sprout a cannabis seed
This is the first step in the journey from your cannabis nursery to a whole plant. There are several ways to do this. One of the ways is to just plant it in your soil and see if a plant appears. It’s old school, but no one can deny its simplicity. Plant the seed about 1/4 “(inch) deep and wait.
Another way is to put the seeds on a damp paper towel. Make sure the paper towel is damp, but not too wet… If it gets dry, you can add a few drops of water to the paper towel. Leave the paper towel in a dark place. Remember that the time varies between strains. Some may take just 2 days, while others may take longer… Keep checking them once a day.
Male or female ?
Unfortunately, there is no way of knowing if a cannabis seed is going to be male or female. And just by looking at it or doing a simple test.
If you want feminized seeds, you will need to buy them from a reputable seed bank. Make sure they say they are “feminized” – if they don’t, the seeds probably won’t, or rather randomly. These are the so-called “regular” seeds
If all you get is a bag seed, the only way to know if it’s going to be male or female is to develop it.
The seeds have an expiration date. But if you store your seeds properly, they can remain viable for years and years. Moisture, UV degradation and extreme temperatures could affect the quality of your seeds.
If you plan to store your seeds for a long time, be sure to keep them in an airtight container in a dark area. Ideally, seeds should be stored in an air-conditioned area (such as inside your home rather than in a shed or garage). A survey shows that cannabis seeds sealed in the laboratory were still viable after 19 years.
It’s nice to know what to look for, but in the end the best test is just to put it in the ground.
If you are using seed bags you never really know what you will get anyway. If you bought your seeds from a seed bank, you shouldn’t worry about it.