government mule seeds

Henning Brogmus
[email protected]
Phone : 0049 (0) 4331 9453-350

In charge of certification
LAND : Hamburg

0049 (0)511 9566-9600

Other contacts

In charge of certification
LAND : Schleswig-Holstein

Osterfelddamm 80
30627 Hannover

The Bundessortenamt (Federal Plant Variety Office) is an independent federal authority under the jurisdiction of the Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture. The main functions of the office are: Granting National Plant Breeders’ Rights, National Listing of plant varieties, Control of maintenance of protected and listed varieties, Post control of certified seed, Support of the Ministry in drafting of variety and seed legislation, Coordination of seed certification issues for the Federal Government and the regional seed certification/seed control agencies of the Federal States, Publication of Descriptive Variety Lists, Representation and Participation in International Boards and Fora (EU, UPOV, OECD, UNECE, FAO and others). The Bundessortenamt maintains a network of 7 testing stations for variety testing (DUS, VCU) and seed control throughout Germany. For the fulfilment of its tasks the office cooperates intensively with institutions of the Federal States and Federal Research institutions. Besides that other Member States carry out DUS tests on behalf of the Bundessortenamt on the basis of bilateral agreements. In the area of VCU testing the breeders are involved.

Friedhilde Trautwein (Contact ESCAA)

Despite substantial hurdles, Black Americans still managed to acquire 15 million acres of land by 1910, much of which was used for agricultural purposes. At the peak in 1920, Black families owned and operated upwards of a million farms – about 14 percent of all farms at the time. The ability to grow crops and raise livestock afforded Black families not just food and financial security but also the opportunity for upward mobility.

If that weren’t enough, Black farmers have also been subject to systemic discrimination by USDA, other government agencies, and private lending institutions. As a result, they lacked access to loans, crop insurance, technical assistance, market opportunities, and other critical resources made available to other farmers. This put Black farmers at a disadvantage and undermined professional success, forcing many to leave the industry.

Sherman, it should be noted, was not an abolitionist, and the idea to redistribute land was not his own. Indeed, it was presented to Sherman and Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton by a group of Black ministers in Savannah, Georgia, who told them, “The way we can best take care of ourselves is to have land and turn it and till it by our own labor.”

This, too, was short-lived. Over the past century, Black farmers lost most of that land, leaving just 45,500 operators with a mere .52 percent of American farmland in 2017. Industrialization, which lured Americans of all races away from rural areas and into cities for better opportunities, is partly to blame. But there were other factors at play.

There is certainly a great deal to celebrate: liberation, centuries of strength and resilience, and significant cultural, artistic, and scientific achievement. But the day is also a reminder of the systemic oppression and relentless suffering the Black community has endured both in slavery and in freedom as well as countless broken promises of justice and equality.

For many Black Americans, Juneteenth is a day of celebration. Observed on June 19 th , the holiday commemorates the day that the last slaves were freed in the United States in 1865 – two-and-a-half years after President Abraham Lincoln ordered their independence with the Emancipation Proclamation and two months after the Confederate army surrendered.

Just four days later, on January 16, 1865, Sherman issued his Special Field Order 15, which commanded that 400,000 acres of property confiscated from Confederate landowners be redistributed to Black families in 40 acre plots. By June, the land had been allocated to 40,000 of a total of 4 million freed slaves. (Mules were not included in the order, but the Union army did give some away as part of the effort.)