CBD Oil For Hemorrhoids

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After finding no cure for her debilitating hemorrhoids, this mum says CBD was the miracle she needed. Many people who tried everything for their hemorrhoids, but to no avail, claiming that CBD was the miracle they needed. Does CBD oil help with hemorrhoids? If yes, how do you take it to draw the most out of its health benefits? Hemorrhoids are inflamed blood vessels in the lower rectum and anus. Risk factors include constipation, diarrhea, and obesity.

New mum says CBD ‘saved her butt’ and cured her of piles

Although plenty of research still needs to be done on the efficacy of cannabinoids on illnesses and ailments, a vast amount of those who use CBD do so to alleviate symptoms (41% according to a recent survey).

A brand new one, however, is using the cannabis-derived product to relieve piles.

One mum shared on Reddit that it had ‘saved her butt’ after she gave birth and suffered with severe hemorrhoids. From there, plenty more people have been saying the same thing.

The new parent explained how she suffered with piles following the birth of her baby until discovering CBD, in post titled ‘CBD Saved My Butt (literally)’.

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In it, she said: ‘I had my first baby in July. 3-4 weeks post-partum, I develop excruciating hemorrhoids (they sure don’t tell you it could happen!).

‘I’ve had them before, little external ones. This was not like that. They were internal and external, the internal one was huge. I did not know such inflammation could occur.’

She goes on to explain the difference after trying CBD: ‘Within 2 days I was able to go to the bathroom without crying. I was in pain, but nothing like the pain-coaster I had been on. The CBD absorbed and actually reached the internal hemorroid. My inflammation began to decrease, as did my pain. I can almost recognise my bottom again.’

The poster used an unscented lotion that had the CBD compound in it, and found what she called ‘sweet heavenly mercy lawdy oh sweet relief’.

Another person replied talking about their own experience of using the oil for hemorrhoids, saying: ‘It was absolutely incredible. I applied it, noticed the inflamed area hurt less within 10 minutes, then went to take a shower about 45 minutes later and when I went to wash (ahem..) back there, all the swelling had gone and I was completely back to normal.’

It’s unclear why and how CBD appears to work this way, and it’s important to ensure you always speak to your doctor before trying anything new rather than simply relying on personal anecdotes.

David Barcly, MD of UK brand CBD Armour says: ‘There have been reports of CBD being a very responsive anti-inflammatory. So one can understand why people would consider using it in this manner. It would be beneficial to have some official research into this.’

CBD for Hemorrhoids: Can Cannabis Oil Help?

According to a recent survey, 41% of respondents use CBD to alleviate the symptoms of a wide range of illnesses and ailments (1). These conditions include everything from anxiety and minor aches to chronic pain, neurological disorders, and diseases that stem from inflammation. The last group contains one illness that is particularly difficult for people who have it — we’re talking about hemorrhoids.

The condition is caused by inflamed blood vessels in the lower rectum and anus, which may cause pain, itching, bleeding, and swelling. The pesky symptoms are also burdened with social stigma, as people with hemorrhoids often find it embarrassing to admit they struggle with this problem.

Numerous studies have mentioned CBD as a potent anti-inflammatory and analgesic (painkiller), but what is the current state of research when it comes to taking CBD specifically for hemorrhoid relief?

In this article, we’ll explain everything you need to know about hemorrhoids; from what they are to how CBD can help and what type of products are recommended to maximize the efficacy of one’s treatment.

What You Need to Know About Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids, also known as piles, are swollen veins in the lower region of the anal tract in the rectum area. When the walls of these vessels stretch excessively, they become irritated and inflamed, causing the aforementioned pain and itching. Despite being an unpleasant and painful condition, hemorrhoids are generally easy to treat and prevent.

Causes of Hemorrhoids

The underlying cause of hemorrhoids is increased pressure in the lower rectum. This can result from straining during bowel movements, a sitting lifestyle, chronic diarrhea, viral constipation, or poor diet. Other risk factors include obesity, anal intercourse, and bad hygiene (2).

People who eat processed food instead of the one that provides dense nutritional content find themselves constipated on a regular basis, which can speed up the development of hemorrhoids.

Clean eating habits, an active lifestyle, and supplementation with CBD go hand-in-hand for successful prevention and treatment of this ailment.

Interestingly, one of the most common causes of hemorrhoids is that people just push too hard during the heavier duty on the toilet. Sometimes it’s not their fault, as the said constipation may force them to do so in order to push the stool out.

What Are the Symptoms of Hemorrhoids?

Symptoms of hemorrhoids may vary depending on their type. If you suffer from external hemorrhoids, you may experience itching in the anus and notice a hard little tender lump near its area.

You may also experience anal pain, especially when sitting for too long. Although you might be tempted to strain, rub, or clean the area around these lumps, this can make the symptom worse. Fortunately, the majority of external hemorrhoid cases typically go away in up to 5 days.

If you have internal hemorrhoids, it may lead to bleeding from your rectum. It may manifest as bright red blood on the stool, on the toilet paper, or inside the toilet. Hemorrhoids that fall through the anal opening are known as prolapse and may require medical attention.

Can CBD Oil Help with Hemorrhoids?

Common hemorrhoid treatments include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and painkillers such as acetaminophen. However, some individuals have adverse reactions to these compounds; others are afraid of the dangerous side effects, hence the recent interest in natural remedies, such as CBD oil.

Here’s how CBD may help with hemorrhoids.

Several studies mention how CBD might reduce inflammation and pain, which are the telltale signs of hemorrhoids.

CBD Oil for Inflammation and Pain

Several studies mention how CBD might reduce inflammation and pain, the two signs of hemorrhoids.

According to a study published in Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management, CBD produces beneficial effects for the human body through its analgesic, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory activities (3).

Another review supporting CBD’s anti-inflammatory properties has examined the efficacy of the cannabinoid on different conditions, including irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) (4).

IBS triggers inflammation in the lining of the colon, causing severe pain and discomfort. It can also cause hemorrhoids as a result of repeated bowel movements and straining. Treating IBS can translate into successful hemorrhoids prevention.

On top of that, CBD has been highlighted as a potential solution for pain that is difficult to treat. Researchers have been touting CBD for its ability to mitigate pain signals and modulate inflammatory responses in the body.

CBD Oil for Healthy Bowel Movement

Regular, healthy bowel movements are ensured by proper gastrointestinal motility. Dysfunctional motility can trigger constipation and diarrhea.

In a study published in the Frontiers in Neuroscience, the authors mention how CBD is able to modulate gastrointestinal motility in rodent models (6). Another study from the Gastrointestinal Motility Society showed that cannabinoids such as CBD play an important role in relieving certain forms of constipation and controlling intestinal secretion (7).

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CBD Oil for Anxiety

A review conducted by Elsevier demonstrated that people with pain conditions might also suffer from anxiety. The authors of the review associated conditions like arthritis, stomach problems, migraine, and hemorrhoids with elevated anxiety levels (8).

CBD has been recently shown by a clinical study to exert anxiolytic (anti-anxiety) actions on the brain. The study examined patients who took CBD for anxiety. The authors concluded that 79.2% of patients noted improvements in their anxiety scores after CBD treatment (9).

The study also stressed the importance of conducting more clinical trials to verify CBD’s efficacy in anxiety-related disorders, although the research team acknowledged that CBD holds therapeutic potential in treating the condition.

How to Use CBD for Hemorrhoids

Taking CBD for hemorrhoids is straightforward; what makes people confused is the abundance of different formats available on the market. These products use different routes of administration, each providing different potency, bioavailability, onset of effects, and duration.

In the next section, we’ll cover the most common CBD options for hemorrhoids.

The Oral Way

We’ve decided to use the “oral” term here because all product types we mention below are meant for dealing with symptoms deriving from deficiencies in the endocannabinoid system. However, the section covers both sublingual, oral, and inhaled forms of CBD.

  • CBD oil – also known as CBD drops, the oil comes in dark glass bottles with a dropper for precise dosing. The user needs to pull the desired amount of CBD using the dropper, transfer it under the tongue, and wait for up to one minute until the CBD absorbs through the tiny blood vessels located in the mouth. This route of administration ensures relatively fast effects — within 15–30 minutes after consumption — and a duration time of up to 6 hours. The bioavailability of CBD oil (the amount of CBD that makes it to the bloodstream) has been measured at around 35%.
  • CBD capsules — every health supplement out there has a capsule form, and so does CBD. Capsules are more convenient than oil because they carry a predetermined amount of CBD per serving and are super easy to take — you just take as many capsules as you need and swallow them down with water. Since CBD capsules need to be digested in the gut before reaching the bloodstream, they lose some of their potency and the effects take hold with a little delay — up to 2 hours from ingestion — but ensure a longer duration, up to 10 hours. The bioavailability of CBD capsules has been measured at 20%.
  • CBD edibles – this category covers food infused with CBD, including gummies, honey sticks, protein bars, lollipops, and more. Similar to capsules, edibles contain a fixed dosage per serving, so there’s no guesswork involved when it comes to dosing. They’re also the most enjoyable form of CBD out there, as you can choose from many different shapes, sizes, and flavors to suit your preferences. Alas, they share one downside with capsules, which is the delayed onset of effects.
  • CBD vape oil — CBD vapes are consumed through inhalation. The CBD oil is mixed with thinners like vegetable glycerin or propylene glycol to make the extract compatible with vape pens (the devices you use to consume CBD vape oil). CBD vapes have a major advantage over other consumption methods. Namely, their bioavailability reaches 56% and the effects are noticeable within 5 minutes after inhalation since CBD absorbs into your system through the lung tissue, avoiding the liver and the first-pass metabolism. However, the effects of CBD vapes are short-lived, usually going away after 3 hours.

The Rectal Way

Another way you may target inflammation and pain caused by hemorrhoids is to use a CBD topical such as CBD cream or suppositories.

  • CBD cream – topical CBD products are good for treating hemorrhoids because none of the applied CBD has to go through the gastrointestinal system. Instead, the cannabinoid interacts with the CB2 receptors in the skin’s endocannabinoid system, producing its anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. Individuals seeking relief from hemorrhoids may apply CBD topicals to the affected area in order to target localized inflammation.
  • CBD suppositories – this fairly new invention is one of the best ways to apply CBD for hemorrhoids. The rectal walls are chock-full of the blood vessels that absorb and carry CBD to your endocannabinoid system, ensuring remarkably fast absorption and high bioavailability. You may use CBD suppositories for fast relief from inflammation and pain.

CBD Dosage for Hemorrhoids

There are no dosage standards established for CBD products. Those taking CBD for hemorrhoids for the first time are advised to start with a low dose and gradually increase it until you achieve a satisfying level of relief from your symptoms. A study analyzing different dosages recommended starting with 1–50 milligrams a day.

However, studies have yet to determine the right topical CBD dosing for pain relief in affected areas.

Is CBD Safe for Hemorrhoids?

CBD is generally considered a safe substance, with doses of 1,500 mg daily reported as well-tolerated by humans. The biggest advantage of CBD over conventional treatment is the lack of dangerous side effects, such as addiction, tolerance buildup, and lethal overdose.

That being said, CBD has a few mild side effects when taken at high doses:

  • Dry mouth
  • Dizziness
  • Changes in appetite
  • Fatigue

There’s also a risk of CBD-drug interactions, as CBD is known to inhibit the system of enzymes that metabolizes active ingredients in medications. For this reason, you should consult a doctor before incorporating CBD oil into your supplementation plan.

What People Are Saying About Using CBD Oil for Hemorrhoids

Although studies on the use of CBD for hemorrhoids are in their infancy, people are using cannabis-derived products to relieve a wide range of ailments — something they couldn’t achieve using conventional measures.

For example, one mum shared on Reddit that CBD had ‘saved her butt’ after she gave birth and suffered from severe hemorrhoids. According to her comment, she suffered from plies following the birth of her baby until discovering CBD. She explains that CBD has helped her go to the bathroom without crying just within 2 days. While the mum admits she was in pain, it was nothing like the pain-coaster she had been on. The CBD absorbed and reached internal hemorrhoid, decreasing inflammation, and pain.

Another person from the same thread described their experience of using the oil for hemorrhoids, saying:

“It was absolutely incredible. I applied it, noticed the inflamed area hurt less within 10 minutes, then went to take a shower about 45 minutes later, and when I went to wash (ahem…) back there, all the swelling had gone and I was completely back to normal.”

Although researchers are still trying to understand the mechanism of action behind CBD’s health benefits for hemorrhoids, experts are saying it probably derives from the remarkable anti-inflammatory effects of CBD.

According to David Barcly, MD, “There have been reports of CBD being a very responsive anti-inflammatory. So one can understand why people would consider using it in this manner. It would be beneficial to have some official research into this.”

Other Remedies for Hemorrhoids

Wondering how you may complement your hemorrhoids treatment with other natural remedies? Here are some common solutions:

  • Witch hazel – found in anti-itch wipes and soaps, this ingredient is a natural anti-inflammatory that can reduce both itching and pain. It can also be purchased on its own as a liquid and applied directly to the hemorrhoids.
  • Aloe vera – this plant has been used historically to treat hemorrhoids and various skin conditions. It has strong anti-inflammatory properties, helping the user to reduce irritation. The gel can be bought in skincare stores; it is also found in other products, but you should only use pure Aloe vera gel on hemorrhoids. Although clinical studies haven’t yet investigated its efficacy, the National Center for Complementary and Integrated Health considers it very safe for topical use.
  • Epsom salt – warm baths with Epsom salt can help ease the irritation from hemorrhoids. You can take a full-body bath in your tube, or use a sitz bath, which is a small plastic tube that you place over the seat of your toilet.
  • Over-the-counter ointments –ointments and creams, such as Preparation h, can be found in every pharmacy and provide immediate relief. For some people, it can even reduce swelling and speed up the healing of hemorrhoids. However, it’s best to use these creams for up to one week if they contain hydrocortisone.
  • Soothing wipes – regular toilet paper can further irritate existing hemorrhoids. Using a soothing wipe can help keep your rectal area clean without causing further irritation. Some wipes also come with anti-hemorrhoid ingredients, such as aloe vera or witch hazel. Make sure that the wipes you’re buying are free of alcohol, perfume, or other irritants, as they could deteriorate symptoms instead of providing relief.
  • Cold compresses – Applying cold compresses or ice packs to the anus may help relieve swelling for 15 minutes at a time. This can be an effective treatment for large, painful hemorrhoids. However, keep in mind not to apply anything frozen directly to the skin, as it may provide opposite results.
  • Stool softeners – As reported by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, stool softeners or supplements containing fiber, such as psyllium, can help reduce constipation, soften the stool, and make it easy to push it out without painful bowel movements. Many of these products come in the forms of capsules, liquids, and powders that you take orally once and three times a day.
  • Loose, natural clothing – changing your tight clothes from synthetic material to ultra-breathable cotton or hemp can help keep the areas prone to hemorrhoids clean and dry. This can also reduce symptoms like redness and irritation. Make sure to steer clear of perfumed detergents or fabric softeners to lower the risk of irritation.
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How to Prevent Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids can be easily prevented by undertaking certain lifestyle and dietary changes.

First, it’s important that you stay physically active and eat healthy to maintain regular bowel movements. If your diet includes high amounts of carbohydrates and food to which humans are rather adapted than physiologically predisposed, then adding high-fiber foods may come in handy.

Another important step for hemorrhoids prevention is to drink plenty of water. Doing so will help you keep the digestive process working correctly without constipation.

Regular exercise and avoiding long periods of sitting can also help prevent hemorrhoids. The most effective way to prevent constipation is to visit the bathroom when you first feel the urge for the heavy-duty. Delaying bowel movements allows the organ to reabsorb water from the stool, making it harder to excrete.

Final Verdict: Does CBD Help for Hemorrhoids Relief?

Although no study has yet investigated the efficacy of CBD specifically on hemorrhoids, research has acknowledged that CBD oil might help reduce symptoms of this ailment, such as pain and inflammation.

Through influencing the endocannabinoid system to modulate the motility of the gastrointestinal tract, CBD might help maintain healthy bowel movements and prevent hemorrhoids from occurring in the first place.

Maintaining a high-fiber diet that promotes regular bowel movement, as well as staying physically active, can also prevent the condition.

If hemorrhoids do occur, it’s best to consult a physician and discuss your treatment options, including taking CBD oil. A consultation with a qualified doctor will help you not only determine the right dosage for your case of hemorrhoids but also avoid potential interactions with other medications.

Have you used CBD for hemorrhoids? If so, did it help? Share your story in the comments below!

References:

  1. Gibbs, B., Yates A., Liebling, J. & O’Sullivan, S. “CBD in the UK: Executive Summary”. Retrieved from: https://irp-cdn.multiscreensite.com/51b75a3b/files/uploaded/Exec%20Summary%20-%20CBD%20.pdf
  2. Mayo Clinic. “Hemorrhoids: Overview.” Retrieved from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hemorrhoids/symptoms-causes/syc-20360268#:~:text=Hemorrhoids%20are%20swollen%20veins%20in,rectum%2C%20similar%20to%20varicose%20veins.
  3. Russo, Ethan B. “Cannabinoids in the management of difficult to treat pain.” Therapeutics and clinical risk management vol. 4,1 (2008): 245-59. doi:10.2147/tcrm.s1928
  4. Helvaci MR, Algin MC, Kaya H. Irritable bowel syndrome and chronic gastritis, hemorrhoid, urolithiasis. Eurasian J Med. 2009;41(3):158-161.
  5. Burstein, Sumner. “Cannabidiol (CBD) and its analogs: a review of their effects on inflammation.” Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry vol. 23,7 (2015): 1377-85. doi:10.1016/j.bmc.2015.01.059
  6. Helvaci, Mehmet Rami et al. Op. cit.
  7. Brugnatelli, Viola et al. “Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Manipulating the Endocannabinoid System as First-Line Treatment.” Frontiers in neuroscience vol. 14 371. 21 Apr. 2020, doi:10.3389/fnins.2020.00371
  8. McWilliams, Lachlan A et al. “Depression and anxiety associated with three pain conditions: results from a nationally representative sample.” Pain vol. 111,1-2 (2004): 77-83. doi:10.1016/j.pain.2004.06.002
  9. Shannon, Scott et al. “Cannabidiol in Anxiety and Sleep: A Large Case Series.” The Permanente journal vol. 23 (2019): 18-041. doi:10.7812/TPP/18-041
Livvy Ashton

Livvy is a registered nurse (RN) and board-certified nurse midwife (CNM) in the state of New Jersey. After giving birth to her newborn daughter, Livvy stepped down from her full-time position at the Children’s Hospital of New Jersey. This gave her the opportunity to spend more time writing articles on all topics related to pregnancy and prenatal care.

CBD Oil for Hemorrhoids – August 2022

Hemorrhoids are inflamed blood vessels in the lower rectum and anus. These blood vessels are similar to varicose veins in the legs.

The different types of hemorrhoids include internal, prolapse, and external hemorrhoids .

Hemorrhoids often cause severe pain, itching, bleeding, and inflammation in the anus. Thrombosed hemorrhoids occur when blood clots fill the internal or external hemorrhoids .

Hemorrhoids ’ risk factors include constipation, diarrhea, obesity, anal intercourse , and many more. Management of constipation and diarrhea may help prevent hemorrhoids (7) .

CBD for Inflammation and Pain

The common hemorrhoid treatments are painkillers , such as acetaminophen ( Tylenol ) or non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs (Advil).

However, some individuals cannot tolerate the side effects caused by pain relievers . Thus, some people look for alternative options.

Some studies mention how CBD might reduce inflammation and pain.

A study shared by Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management mentioned that CBD has biological activities, such as analgesic, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory (8) .

Another review acknowledged that CBD has anti-inflammatory properties in different conditions, such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) (9) .

IBS causes inflammation of the colon’s lining. The inflammation causes severe pain and discomfort.

IBS can also cause hemorrhoids due to repeated bowel movements and straining. Treating IBS can help prevent hemorrhoids (10) .

CBD for Healthy Bowel Movement

A healthy gastrointestinal (GI) motility is essential in maintaining bowel movements . A dysfunctional GI motility can lead to constipation and diarrhea.

The Frontiers in Neuroscience posted a study that mentioned how CBD was able to modulate GI motility in mice models (11) .

An animal study from the Gastrointestinal Motility Society acknowledged that cannabinoids , such as CBD , play an essential role in modulating intestinal secretion (12) .

Further clinical studies are needed to confirm CBD ’s efficacy in regulating human bowel motility.

CBD for Anxiety

A review published by Elsevier demonstrated how individuals with pain conditions might suffer from anxiety (13) .

The authors learned that pain conditions, including arthritis, stomach problems, migraine, and hemorrhoids , are associated with anxiety.

A recent clinical study demonstrated the anxiolytic properties of CBD .

The study conducted CBD treatments on patients with anxiety. The authors shared that anxiety scores were reduced in 79.2% of patients after CBD treatment (14) .

Although more controlled clinical studies are needed to verify its efficacy, the authors acknowledged that CBD might hold therapeutic benefits in treating anxiety.

How CBD Oil Works to Help With Hemorrhoids

The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is composed of cannabinoid 1 (CB1) and cannabinoid 2 (CB2) receptors.

These receptors are located in the immune system, central nervous system, peripheral nerves, and organs. The ECS’s function is to modulate biological processes within the body (15) .

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Modulating the ECS has therapeutic applications in many health conditions. CB1 can be found in pain circuits in the ECS (16) .

Tetrahydrocannabinol ( THC ) has an affinity for CB1 and CB2 (17) . CBD indirectly interacts with the receptors through modulation of the ECS (18) .

The ECS modulates a variety of gastrointestinal functions. A study mentioned evidence that a dysfunctional ECS might lead to intestinal disorders, like IBS, inflammatory bowel disease, and obesity (19) .

A study provided CBD treatment to patients with ulcerative colitis (UC).

The authors learned through UC biopsies that CBD reduced macrophages by modulating the immune response. This response led to a significant reduction of inflammatory protein expression (20) .

The Pros and Cons of CBD Oil for Hemorrhoids

The Pros
  • CBD has anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties that may alleviate pain and discomfort caused by hemorrhoids (21) .
  • Healthy bowel movements can prevent hemorrhoids (22) . CBD may contribute to regular bowel movement by modulating gastrointestinal motility (23) .
  • CBD may reduce anxiety caused by hemorrhoids pain (24) .
  • CBD has been acknowledged to have a good safety profile for human consumption (25) .
The Cons
  • CBD may cause diarrhea and make hemorrhoids worse (26) .
  • If used in high doses, CBD may cause side effects , such as drowsiness, loss of appetite, dry mouth (27) , and liver injury (28) .

How CBD Oil Compares to Alternative Treatments for Hemorrhoids

Coconut oil is believed to soothe and shrink hemorrhoids (29) . Individuals may apply the oil directly to the affected area or put a few cups in the bath.

A sitz bath with Epsom salt is believed to provide pain relief (30) . Individuals can sit in a warm bath for 15 minutes after a bowel movement .

CBD bath salts are also available for individuals who want to try a sitz bath.

How to Choose the Best CBD Oil for Hemorrhoids

Individuals looking for pain and inflammation relief may opt for full-spectrum CBD or broad-spectrum CBD .

Full-spectrum CBD oil contains all the cannabinoids in hemp plants, such as CBD , cannabigerol (CBG), cannabinol (CBN), and THC (0.3%).

Broad-spectrum CBD oil contains the same cannabinoids as full-spectrum, except for THC .

Some individuals may prefer not to take other cannabinoids . In that case, CBD isolate (pure CBD ) is available.

CBD Dosage for Hemorrhoids

There is no universally accepted dosage for CBD . First-time CBD users may start with a low dose and gradually increase it.

A study recommended to start with less than 1 milligram to 50 milligrams a day (31) .

However, studies have not yet determined the appropriate topical CBD dosing when reducing pain in affected areas .

How to Take CBD Oil for Hemorrhoids

Topical CBD products are ideal for treating hemorrhoids since the concentration does not have to go through the gastrointestinal system.

Individuals experiencing external hemorrhoids may apply CBD topical creams , CBD tinctures or CBD salves to the affected area .

Individuals who are experiencing internal hemorrhoids may also use CBD suppositories .

CBD vape may not be as effective as topical CBD . Vaping may also come with a few side effects , such as chest pains and chemical irritation (32) .

Is CBD Legal?

The legalization of CBD in the United States was signed into law in 2018 (33) . This law allows for the manufacturing, sale, and use of CBD and other hemp-derivatives, such as hemp oil and hempseed oil.

Cannabis products and certain cannabis strains are highly regulated. Medical marijuana or medical cannabis remains a part of the controlled substance list of the Drug Enforcement Agency.

Conclusion

Studies have acknowledged that CBD might help alleviate hemorrhoids symptoms, such as pain and inflammation (34) .

CBD might influence the ECS receptors and modulate the GI system. Therefore, CBD might help in maintaining healthy bowel motility (35) .

Individuals can also prevent hemorrhoids by maintaining a high- fiber diet to promote regular bowel movement .

If hemorrhoids do occur, one must consult with a physician and discuss treatment options before taking CBD .

  1. DiPatrizio N. V. (2016). Endocannabinoids in the Gut. Cannabis and cannabinoid research, 1(1), 67–77. https://doi.org/10.1089/can.2016.0001
  2. De Filippis, D., Esposito, G., Cirillo, C., Cipriano, M., De Winter, B. Y., Scuderi, C., Sarnelli, G., Cuomo, R., Steardo, L., De Man, J. G., & Iuvone, T. (2011). Cannabidiol reduces intestinal inflammation through the control of neuroimmune axis. PloS one, 6(12), e28159. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0028159
  3. Hasenoehrl, C., Taschler, U., Storr, M., & Schicho, R. (2016). The gastrointestinal tract – a central organ of cannabinoid signaling in health and disease. Neurogastroenterology and motility : the official journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society , 28 (12), 1765–1780. https://doi.org/10.1111/nmo.12931
  4. Russo E. B. (2008). Cannabinoids in the management of difficult to treat pain. Therapeutics and clinical risk management, 4(1), 245–259. https://doi.org/10.2147/tcrm.s1928
  5. Lachlan McWilliams, Renee D. Goodwin, Brian J. Cox. (2004). Elsevier. Depression and anxiety associated with three pain conditions: results from a nationally representative sample. doi:10.1016/j.pain.2004.06.002
  6. Shannon, S., Lewis, N., Lee, H., & Hughes, S. (2019). Cannabidiol in Anxiety and Sleep: A Large Case Series. The Permanente journal, 23, 18–041. https://doi.org/10.7812/TPP/18-041
  7. The Mayo Clinic. Hemorrhoids Overview. Retrieved from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ hemorrhoids /symptoms-causes/syc-20360268#:~:text= Hemorrhoids %20are%20swollen%20veins%20in,rectum%2C%20similar%20to%20varicose%20veins.
  8. Russo E. B. (2008). Op cit.
  9. Burstein, Sumner. (2015). Cannabidiol ( CBD ) and its analogs: A review of their effects on inflammation. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry. 23. 10.1016/j.bmc.2015.01.059.
  10. Helvaci, M. R., Algin, M. C., & Kaya, H. (2009). Irritable bowel syndrome and chronic gastritis, hemorrhoid , urolithiasis. The Eurasian journal of medicine, 41(3), 158–161.
  11. Viola Brugnatelli, Fabio Turco, Ulderico Freo and Gastone Zanette., (2020)., Frontiers of Neuroscience., Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Manipulating the Endocannabinoid System as First-Line Treatment., https://doi.org/10.3389/fnins.2020.00371
  12. Hasenoehrl, C., (2016). Op cit.
  13. Lachlan McWilliams, (2004). Op cit.
  14. Shannon, S., (2019). Op cit.
  15. Khan, M. I., Sobocińska, A. A., Czarnecka, A. M., Król, M., Botta, B., & Szczylik, C. (2016). The Therapeutic Aspects of the Endocannabinoid System (ECS) for Cancer and their Development: From Nature to Laboratory. Current pharmaceutical design, 22(12), 1756–1766. https://doi.org/10.2174/1381612822666151211094901
  16. Manzanares, J., Julian, M., & Carrascosa, A. (2006). Role of the cannabinoid system in pain control and therapeutic implications for the management of acute and chronic pain episodes. Current neuropharmacology, 4(3), 239–257. https://doi.org/10.2174/157015906778019527
  17. de Filippis, D., (2008). Op cit.
  18. Ibid
  19. DiPatrizio N. V. (2016). Endocannabinoids in the Gut. Cannabis andcannabinoidresearch , 1 (1), 67–77. https://doi.org/10.1089/can.2016.0001
  20. de Filippis, D., (2008). Op cit.
  21. Russo E. B. (2008). Op cit.
  22. The Mayo Clinic. Hemorrhoids Overview. Op cit.
  23. Viola Brugnatelli, (2020). Op cit.
  24. Shannon, S., (2019). Op cit.
  25. Iffland, K., & Grotenhermen, F. (2017). An Update on Safety and Side Effects of Cannabidiol: A Review of Clinical Data and Relevant Animal Studies. Cannabis and cannabinoid research , 2 (1), 139–154. https://doi.org/10.1089/can.2016.0034
  26. Bauer, B. (2018, Dec 20). What are the benefits of CBD — and is it safe to use? Retrieved from https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/consumer-health/expert-answers/is- cbd -safe-and-effective/faq-20446700
  27. Ibid
  28. FDA. What You Need to Know (And What We’re Working to Find Out) About Products Containing Cannabis or Cannabis-derived Compounds, Including CBD . Retrieved from https://www.fda.gov/consumers/consumer-updates/what-you-need-know-and-what-were-working-find-out-about-products-containing-cannabis-or-cannabis
  29. Intahphuak, S., Khonsung, P., & Panthong, A. (2010). Anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antipyretic activities of virgin coconut oil. Pharmaceutical biology , 48 (2), 151–157. https://doi.org/10.3109/13880200903062614
  30. Abd-Elmaged, Asmaa & Abdelmowla, Rasha & El-Rahim, Tarik. (2018). Effects of Warm Water Sitz Bath on Post-Hemorrhoidectomy Symptoms. 7. 57-65. 10.9790/1959-0706045765.
  31. Millar, S. A., Stone, N. L., Bellman, Z. D., Yates, A. S., England, T. J., & O’Sullivan, S. E. (2019). A systematic review of cannabidiol dosing in clinical populations. British journal of clinical pharmacology, 85(9), 1888–1900. https://doi.org/10.1111/bcp.14038
  32. Shmerling, R.H., Can Vaping Damage Your Lungs? (2019)., Retrieved from https://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/can- vaping -damage-your-lungs-what-we-do-and-dont-know-2019090417734
  33. The 2018 United States farm bill. Retrieved from https://www.usda.gov/farmbill
  34. Russo E. B. (2008). Op cit.
  35. Hasenoehrl, C., (2016). Op cit.

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